The United States Marshal (USM) serves subpoenas for the government and for defendants of Public Defenders or Criminal Justice Act (CJA) court-appointed attorneys, if so ordered by the Court. Criminal Justice Act (specifically Fees and Expenses of Witnesses Appropriation) funds are not available to pay for private process servers and attorneys should not hire a process server to serve these subpoenas. For more information, please refer to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 17(b).
Before subpoenas can be served at government expense, it is necessary for a Criminal Justice Act attorney to provide:
The Court will return a confirmed copy of the certified order signed by the Judge authorizing issuance and service of the subpoena, and payment of the costs and fees by the government. A copy of the certified order allowing for witnesses to testify at government expense will be sent by the court to the U.S. Marshal's office and the subpoena will then be served.
The U.S. Marshal's office should have at least 10 working days for service.